BarkPod

History of Dog 102: All About Clubs

July 07, 2020
BarkPod
History of Dog 102: All About Clubs
Chapters
BarkPod
History of Dog 102: All About Clubs
Jul 07, 2020

Welcome back! In this week's show we explore the furry world of dog shows and kennel clubs as they have been an important factor in the history of dogs. We focus on two main
regions; the United Kingdom and the United States as they have some of the oldest
kennel clubs in the world! Join us as we explore the History of Dogs: All About Clubs.

BarkPod is a podcast all about dogs! This show is presented by Pet Qwerks, the
interactive toy company based out of Southern California. Learn More at
www.petqwerks.com



SPECIAL DISCOUNT CODE LINK:
https://shop.petqwerks.com/discount/BarkPod



Resources from today’s episode:

Kennel Club | Wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kennel_club

Kennel Club | Merriam Webster: https://www.merriam-
webster.com/dictionary/kennel%20club


American Kennel Club: https://www.akc.org/

The Kennel Club (UK): https://www.thekennelclub.org.uk/our-resources/about-the-
kennel-club/

Breeding Business: https://breedingbusiness.com/kennel-
clubs/#:~:text=The%20FCI%20currently%20recognizes%20344,of%20the%20Federati
on%20Cynologique%20Internationale.


Top Dog Shows | Cutness: https://www.cuteness.com/article/top-dog-shows-united-
states

History of Crufts | Crufts: https://www.crufts.org.uk/about-us/history/

Dog Show | Brittanica: https://www.britannica.com/sports/dog-show

Westminster Kennel Club Dog Show | Wikipedia:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Westminster_Kennel_Club_Dog_Show

Westminster Kennel Club: https://www.westminsterkennelclub.org/

PETA: https://www.peta.org/issues/animal-companion-issues/animal-companion-
factsheets/akc-dog-breeders-partners-crime/

Humane Society https://abcnews.go.com/Blotter/humane-society-accuses-american-
kennel-club-protecting-puppy/story?id=16740709


The Evolution of Petface | Smithsonian Magazine:
https://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/evolution-petface-180967987/

How a Century of Dog Breeding Ruined these beautiful animals | Gizmodo:
https://sploid.gizmodo.com/how-a-century-of-dog-breeding-ruined-these-beautiful-
an-1477122149


A Biological Homage to Mickey Mouse | Stephen Jay Gould:
https://faculty.uca.edu/benw/biol4415/papers/Mickey.pdf

Show Notes Transcript

Welcome back! In this week's show we explore the furry world of dog shows and kennel clubs as they have been an important factor in the history of dogs. We focus on two main
regions; the United Kingdom and the United States as they have some of the oldest
kennel clubs in the world! Join us as we explore the History of Dogs: All About Clubs.

BarkPod is a podcast all about dogs! This show is presented by Pet Qwerks, the
interactive toy company based out of Southern California. Learn More at
www.petqwerks.com



SPECIAL DISCOUNT CODE LINK:
https://shop.petqwerks.com/discount/BarkPod



Resources from today’s episode:

Kennel Club | Wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kennel_club

Kennel Club | Merriam Webster: https://www.merriam-
webster.com/dictionary/kennel%20club


American Kennel Club: https://www.akc.org/

The Kennel Club (UK): https://www.thekennelclub.org.uk/our-resources/about-the-
kennel-club/

Breeding Business: https://breedingbusiness.com/kennel-
clubs/#:~:text=The%20FCI%20currently%20recognizes%20344,of%20the%20Federati
on%20Cynologique%20Internationale.


Top Dog Shows | Cutness: https://www.cuteness.com/article/top-dog-shows-united-
states

History of Crufts | Crufts: https://www.crufts.org.uk/about-us/history/

Dog Show | Brittanica: https://www.britannica.com/sports/dog-show

Westminster Kennel Club Dog Show | Wikipedia:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Westminster_Kennel_Club_Dog_Show

Westminster Kennel Club: https://www.westminsterkennelclub.org/

PETA: https://www.peta.org/issues/animal-companion-issues/animal-companion-
factsheets/akc-dog-breeders-partners-crime/

Humane Society https://abcnews.go.com/Blotter/humane-society-accuses-american-
kennel-club-protecting-puppy/story?id=16740709


The Evolution of Petface | Smithsonian Magazine:
https://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/evolution-petface-180967987/

How a Century of Dog Breeding Ruined these beautiful animals | Gizmodo:
https://sploid.gizmodo.com/how-a-century-of-dog-breeding-ruined-these-beautiful-
an-1477122149


A Biological Homage to Mickey Mouse | Stephen Jay Gould:
https://faculty.uca.edu/benw/biol4415/papers/Mickey.pdf

Support the show (https://www.shop.petqwerks.com)

Eric :

Hey everyone, welcome back to bark pod. First off, I just want to thank you for sticking it out through the first episode and tuning in with us today. All of us here at Pet Qwerks are so excited about this new podcast and it really wouldn't be possible without listeners like you. In fact, we are so excited that we have a special treat in store for you a little later in the episode. So last time, we left off talking about the history of dog breeds, and I thought we could pick back up by expanding on that. I thought it might actually be interesting to explore the culture of quote dog breeds and where this term slash phenomenon really came from. As we discussed in last week's episode, the term pure breed as we know it today was really coined by kennel clubs after the late 19th century, when the economically when the economically useful behavioral characteristics of dogs weren't as useful to humans. So just what is a Kennel Club? And how did this type of organization Shape the history of dogs? Let's find out. All right, so last week we discussed the differences between pure breeds, cross breeds, mixed breeds and natural breeds. So this week we're going to pick back up on the groups that really defined those terms and learn how they shaped the history of dogs throughout the world. So, a Kennel Club, as defined by Merriam Webster is, quote, an association of dog fancier is concerned, especially with advancing interests of one or more breeds of dogs, usually by establishing standards, providing competitions, or recording pedigrees and quote. Okay, did you know what fancier meant back there? Cuz I totally had to look This is actually another animal related word kind of, and often describes a connoisseur or enthusiast of something, especially someone who has a special interest in or breeds a particular animal. The Merriam Webster definition is pretty all encompassing, and I think it describes what a Kennel Club is pretty well. But I just want to quickly read off the current Wikipedia definition because well, I kind of like how it sounds to be honest. Alright, here it goes. Quote. Kennel Club, also known as a kennel Council, or canine Council, in some countries, is an organization for canine affairs that concerns itself with the breeding showing and promotion of more than one breed of dog. Okay, my favorite part in there is an organization of canine affairs. Like Come on. That sounds so official yet fluffy. And I kind of want to change my title at work to include that like, Can you imagine how The title Director of canine affairs or canine affairs media specialist or something, I don't know, that's probably my new favorite term right now. canine affairs. Okay, so I hope we have a pretty good idea of what a Kennel Club is now. Now in the Wikipedia version of the definition, there is a note that identifies the following. Quote, all encompassing kennel clubs are also referred to as all breed clubs. Although quote all means only those breeds that they have decided to recognize and breed. Now breed

Unknown Speaker :

means purebred dogs, not including dog hybrids and cross breeds or mixed breed dogs. a club that handles only one breed is known as a breed club. Generally speaking from what I could gather kennel clubs are in charge of the rules and regulations for shows and events while wild breed clubs are actually responsible for breed standards. Now of course, I won't only be using Wikipedia as a source for this episode, but I found more general information through this source. As many of the world's most prominent kennel clubs had more tailored definitions that more fit their own organizations. Now, kennel clubs are really the bloodline for anything related to breed standards, pedigrees, dog shows and dog registries. They were really born in the late 19th century and flourished in Europe as a product of English aristocrats at the time. The first dog show in England was held in 1859. And basically, From then on, the phenomenon grew in popularity. The first official Kennel Club was brought into existence by a man named se Shirley, along with 12 others on April 4 1873. In London, the Kennel Club was created out of dog show hobbyists need out of dog show hobbyists needs to be able to run fair and honest dog shows and feel trials nationwide. The Kennel Club of England was now the governing body of such events. In 1874, the first Kennel Club stud book was published containing all of the results from current and previous shows and trials with it a detailed set of rules for running those events. According to the Kennel Club, a Kennel Club stud book has been published every single year since. Another important aspect of the Kennel Club was creating a dog registry for the purpose of accurate identification of each dog. These would later become important documents for pedigree information. The Kennel Club now, sorry, the Kennel Club now registers over 200,000 dogs every single year. In addition to the events and registries, the Kennel Club in England claims to be a fierce supporter of dog health and wellness, stating that show guidelines include explicit instructions for maintaining the health of their canine entries. They also have donated and immense amounts of money and time and effort into creating the Kennel Club Charitable Trust, which supports projects like canine rescue dogs for the disabled, and canine cancer research projects. The Kennel Club also invests heavily into educating breeders and odor and owners about the genetics of healthy dogs. Each year that Kennel Club licenses over 4000 dog shows and events nationwide. The original dog conformation show is a dog show that involves a judge certified by the given Kennel Club, familiar with a certain breed evaluating how well a given dog conforms to the breed type according to the club's breed standard. Other events that soon followed our field trials, which was testing the skills out of working dogs, working trials, obedience, agility, flyball, musical, he'll work and canine cross and rally Hey friends. Thanks for listening to this episode of bark pod. As a special thank you for being an early listener, we are offering a special discount on your next order from Pet Qwerks. Pet Qwerks prides itself on being an interactive pet toy company, providing an assortment of enriching toys and choose specially designed with your pup in mind. Head on over to Pet Qwerks calm and use the code bark pod to get 20% off your next order. jumping over to the other side of the Atlantic, one of the most prominent clubs here in the United States was following close behind. On September 17 1884, the first official meeting of the American Kennel Club or a KC was held in Philadelphia. In fact, they just celebrated their 130 fifth anniversary in 2019. The American Kennel Club was first made up of multiple delegates from smaller kennel clubs that had already been holding bench to dog shows or field trials. some highlights through there multi decade history include, in 1885, the fox terrier was officially recognized by the A Casey. actually an interesting fact about the wire fox terrier is that it was one of the quote winningest dog breeds in conformation history, having claimed Best in Show at Westminster 15 times, in addition to winning the 2012 ac national championship in 1888, the Whippet was first recognized by the APC, and for those who haven't heard of Whippets before, before, they resemble greyhounds in sort, although they are smaller in size and contrary to popular belief, however, they are not the same as Italian gravy. They are not the same as Italian greyhounds. In fact, they are larger than Italian greyhounds, as those are considered a toy breed. They are part of the site hound group of canines. In 1889, the first issue of the A KC Gazette was Published which is now one of the oldest dog magazines in history in 1905, and all breed dog show point system was established. In 1914, a reciprocal agreement with the Kennel Club of England was established, which meant that dogs can now be registered more easily with foreign dog clubs. And in 1924, a new set of rules were adopted for groups invest in show delineating groups into sporting dogs, working dogs, terriers, toy breeds and non sporting dogs. In 1917, the Labrador Retriever was officially recognized by the A KC and has since become one of the most popular breeds in the US. In fact, they have ranked as the number one most registered breeds for 28 years. In 1971, Jr, showmanship in dog confirmation and handling was officially started in the AJC. Now, more recently, in 2013, the search and rescue wilderness was established which allowed dogs To be acknowledged for their air scenting and tracking abilities within the AJC in 2014, the A KC pet disaster relief delivered its first disaster relief trailers declared disasters around the nation. In 2017, a kc.org became the number one content site for dogs. Now, some of the most famous dog shows in the US, including the National dog show in Philadelphia, the crafts dog show in Birmingham, England, and the Westminster Kennel Club dog show which actually predated the formation of the American Kennel Club, and was the first club to be admitted to the aka the Westminster Dog Show, in fact, got its name from a hotel that used to be located in Manhattan. As the group of men that formed the club often gathered at that hotels bar. At today's events, there are seven groups sporting hound, working terrier toy, non-sporting and hurting All competitors go head to head against other dogs of the same breed until there is a best of breed in each category. Then each of the seven winners advances to the final round to determine the Best in Show. Now, let me just take a second to say that the winner of this dog show becomes quite an acclaimed individual. According to Wikipedia, the winner becomes quote America's dog for the upcoming year. They go on a media tour following the show, while making appearances on all of the major television network morning shows. They visit the Empire State Building, and they even get to visit the New York Stock Exchange. Interestingly enough, the Westminster Kennel Club dog show also holds competitions in junior showmanship for dog handlers age, ages eight, I'm sorry ages nine to 18. They offer prizes in the form of scholarships, and additionally the KC and the Kennel Club in England both Value youth oriented programs as they attempt to educate future generations on responsible dog ownership. Now, the American Kennel Club and the Kennel Club are not the only two prominent clubs in the world. In fact, something called the world canine organization acts as the single largest international federation of kennel clubs. They are based in Belgium. The American Kennel Club, however, does not belong to the world canine organization. In fact, according to the breeding, according to breeding business, the aka C is one of the most famous and sought after registries in the entire world. According to AK C's website, there are over 340 dog breeds known globally, yet they only recognize 193 differing reports put put the world canine organizations number of officially recognized breeds somewhere between 340 and 360. The Kennel Club has 322 different breeds listed on their website, all categorized under different recruits similar to those laid out by the Westminster Kennel Club dog show. So how has the popularity of kennel clubs affected the recent history of dogs?

Eric :

This is really, this is a difficult question to answer, although I do want to try and give the best information possible here. Now this can be quite a controversial excuse me, this can be quite a controversial subject as we all know kennel clubs and dog shows are still extremely popular in many parts of the world. But there is a growing community of opponents to these organizations. Other organizations such as PETA, and Humane Society of the United States have been staunch opponents of dog shows, and kennel slash breed clubs, accusing them of disregarding the welfare of dogs. You know, when looking for information on how kennel clubs and dog shows have affected the history of dog shows there are I'm sorry have affected the history of dogs. There are a lot of conflicting opinions that show up. I just want to preface this next section. The following, we are not condemning any individual for the choice in dog that they make. This podcast is meant to explore and learn. So we wanted to make sure to include some different perspectives on this topic. Please do not hesitate to reach out and offer new perspectives if you think we haven't touched on something that we should have. According to an article in the Canadian veterinary journal by Clark Armen, the advent of kennel clubs and subsequent breed standards have actually shaped the overall physiques of dog breeds in recent history. Although today's breeds are related to the foundational stocks of the past, they do not resemble these original breeds. According to this article, a few early individuals that were a part of this foundational stock were selected to contribute genetic materials for the future breed. Then this group would basically be isolated from breeding with other types of dogs. Then with the addition of inbreeding and artificial selection, very specific traits and physiques. produced many of the current purebred dogs we see today. These purebred these purebred breeds will typically have extremely exaggerated features reminiscent of that foundational stock. According to Arman, this is actually what creates a new genome, quote, with traits that can be reproduced the breed itself is in it excuse me, quote with traits that can be reproduced by the breed itself in a reliable and consistent manner. So, by isolating one type of dog for so long, essentially all of the variation is bred out. They go on to state that it that it is this, that it is for this reason that so many inherited diseases, along with inbreeding depression runs so rampant in the purebred community. And an article published by Smithsonian magazine opponents of breeding and kennel clubs point out the fact that the aka advocated advocates breed standards that are also dangerous qualities in dogs breeds, we must also remember that the advent of modern day dogs as in home companion animals did not begin until the Victorian era, right around the same time as the eugenics movement was gaining traction. This movement advocate, this movement advocated for purity and breeding in both humans and animals. The concept while frowned upon in humans today is still the basis for kennel clubs. The article sums it up in this sentence, quote, it means desirable features are kept but undesirable disease disease causing genes can also be fixed within the breed. They also cite a 2017 study of the US pet insurer and found that brackets of phallic breeds, those with flat faces were 100% more likely to place claims for corneal ulcers and ocular traumas. It is important to mention that this article titled The evolution of pet face also acknowledges the fact that dogs have been bred not only for their physical qualities and behavior, but also to comply with ever changing standards of what is quote cute. This implying that different cultural standards and, and icons helped to define the ultimate fate of dogs today. Interestingly enough, they draw a parallel from 100 year difference in dogs to the evolution of the popular Disney character Mickey Mouse. When looking at the two sources, one can see a similarity in features that changed over time. The article cites upturned snouts, big eyes and a large head. It's actually extremely interesting to look at the two and I'll make sure to link them both in the show notes. So what are your thoughts on all of this? Do you agree or disagree? I think there are some other perspectives that we should include in our next discussion. Please make sure to reach out and let us know on Twitter. You can find us at bark pod and tell us what you think we're really interested in knowing What you guys want to know? And what your thoughts are on all of this? Alright, so thank you so much for listening in on this week's episode of bark pod. I just want to say that I'm so grateful to anyone that is listening to all of you that listens last week. We are so excited about this new podcast, so please reach out. Let us know you're there, make sure to leave a review, subscribe to our podcast. Reach out to us on Twitter, and we'll see you next week. Transcribed by https://otter.ai